The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in front of the neck. That produces the hormones that control the speed of metabolism.
The thyroid is below from Adam’s Apple around the trachea (also called windpipe). Thyroid collectively has several hormones called thyroid hormones. The primary hormone thyroxine is also called T4.
The thyroid produces hormones throughout the body. T3 is the most active hormone, which is called triiodothyronine.
The thyroid produces another hormone called calcitonin, which helps to count the amount of calcium in your body.
T3 and T4
T3 and T4 are the main hormones of your body that your gland produces, the effect on the cells of your body. They control the body temperature, heartbeat. Basically, your thyroid produces the average number of hormones that are enough for your body, but sometimes, it produces too much t4. This may cause of several reasons that include:
Types of the thyroid
- Grave’s disease
- Thyroid nodules
- Thyroid cancer
Grave’s disease is produced from your immune system that activates your thyroid to produce more hormones(t4). This disease is a common cause. It can harm anyone, and it found familiar in under 40 age of people. It usually affects the eyes.
- Period problem
- Red face and sometimes feet
- Embossed eyes
- Weight loss
- Hand shivering
- Change in heartbeat
After pregnancy, your thyroid gland arouses due to the autoimmune system or other reasons or conditions. There are different types of thyroiditis; some thyroiditis cause pain and others have no pain. It likes hypothyroidism and not produce enough hormones to the body or metabolic system. It is also known as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
It might be possible for a family member that has thyroid disease. In women after the first baby, they have a thyroid problem. The principal purpose of this disease is a goitre.
Goitre thyroid is the enlargement of your thyroid gland. The leading cause of goitre is the deficiency of iodine in your diet. The treatment of goitre depends on its size. If the size of the goitre is small, it can be ignored and may not need medical help.
If your goitre needs treatment and it shows that signs, then that is the following:
- Feeling difficulty while taking breathe
- Sore throat
- Swallowing throat
- Deficiency of iodine in dieting
- Family disease
- Pregnant women (goitre is occurring during pregnancy)
- X-ray of your neck, it causes the goitre because of the radiations
Hyperthyroidism (Overactive thyroid)
The high amount of t3 and t4 cause a high metabolic rate. In hyperthyroidism, the amount of t3 and t4 is tall and produces too much thyroxine. It increases your metabolic that causes weight loss.
Sometimes hyperthyroidism requires surgery to circumvent the thyroid gland. Sometimes you may feel the shivery hands, high blood pressure and fast heartbeat. It could cause a problem if you ignored it is a severe disease and can be treated.
- Shivery hands
- Irregular heartbeat
- Feel difficulty when sleeping
- Hair loss
- Breast development in man
- Want to stay alone
- Irregular periods
- Weight loss
- Tests for hyperthyroidism:
- T4, free t3 and t4
- Tsh (thyroid-stimulating hormone)
- Thyroid scan
- CT/MRI scan
- Cholesterol test
Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
Hypothyroidism is a disease in which thyroid is not producing enough hormones, so the people with that type of disease have a low metabolic system and they associated with a slow metabolism.
The main symptom of hypothyroidism is weight gain. If your metabolism system is slow, then you face more problems.
It usually affects the normal aged, older women and newborn babies. If this disease was in children, then the children have weak growth and crucial mental development.
- Dry skin
- Weight gain
- Hair loss
- Puffy face
- Slow heart rate
- Enlarged thyroid gland
- Heavy periods
- Muscles weakness
- Joint pain
- High cholesterol level
- Can’t bear the cold temperature
Hypothyroidism in the newborn baby
some babies born without a thyroid gland. And the organ that is nor produces the hormones to the body entirely.
- Skin is getting yellow
- Eyes getting white
- Difficulty breathing
- These are some symptoms. If a baby has these signs, then he will not grow or develop normally.
Thyroid nodules may not have any significant symptoms. It is diagnosed by a doctor if they take a complete body test. Sometimes it feels pain; it is located in the thyroid gland and a little bit upper then breast.
Some people complain about the pain of thyroid nodules in-ear or jaws. If the buds are more, then it makes it challenging to take a breath and swallowing in the throat.
Sometimes it is difficult to speak if there is a large number of buds.
It causes because of the hyperthyroidism thyroxine (t4) produces more hormones. The thyroid disorder because thyroid arouses and presents as an enlarged nodule. Sometimes there is a lack of iodine, so it produces large buds.
Thyroid cancer is found in the thyroid gland cells. Thyroid cancer is not common yet in the united states, so there are not many types of research and not seen from the past. It causes when your cells in thyroid changes. If the thyroid cancer grows, then it has some signs that are the following:
- Changing your voice
- Feeling the lump on your face
- Pain in neck
Types of thyroid cancer
- Papillary thyroid cancer
- Follicular thyroid cancer
- Medullary thyroid cancer
- Anaplastic thyroid cancer
- Thyroid lymphoma cancer
Papillary thyroid cancer
If you have thyroid cancer, then it may chance that this type of cancer. It spread slowly, but when it becomes visible, it spread in the lungs’ bones neck. It found 80% in all cancer cases. It affects the 30 to 40 age group people.
Follicular thyroid cancer
It is the second common type of thyroid cancer. It affects over 50 age group people. It spread from the follicular cells. It is a rare type of cancer.
Medullary thyroid cancer
It produces from the cell call calcitonin and the cell called C cell. It quickly becomes apparent
Anaplastic thyroid cancer
Anaplastic thyroid cancer is not very common, and it is challenging to treat. It appears in more than 60 age group people.
Thyroid lymphoma cancer
It basically occurs in more than 60 age of people. It starts from the immune system cells in the thyroid and spread quickly.